Si sale EU del TLC México tiene opciones

A maize hybrid being tested on drought screening plots at the Thai Department of Agriculture’s Nakhon Sawan Field Crops Research Center, where screening is carried out in the dry season to allow fine control of water availability. CIMMYT has a long relationship with Thailand, supplying materials to for inclusion in the national breeding program, and between March 2005 and October 2008 Thailand participated in the Asian Maize Network (AMNET), which was funded by the Asian Development Bank and led by CIMMYT, and brought together scientists from five Southeast Asian countries to develop and deliver drought tolerant maize varieties for poor farmers in drought-prone regions. As part of AMNET, the Thai breeders crossed lines from the national program with new drought tolerant materials provided each year by CIMMYT. “We screen for drought tolerance in the dry season and downy mildew resistance in the rainy season, and take the best materials forward each year,” explained Pichet Grudloyma, senior maize breeder, in 2008. “We now have many promising hybrids coming through.” Funding from the project also had a big impact on the team’s capacity to screen those hybrids. “We had a small one to two hectare facility before; now we have four hectares with a perfect controlled-irrigation system. Because we’ve been in AMNET, we have good varieties and good fieldwork and screening capacity.” Thailand also took on a role in seed distribution, receiving and sharing seed from the AMNET member countries, and testing the varieties on the drought screening plots at the Research Center. For Grudloyma, this collaborative approach was a big change. “We’ve learned a lot and gained a lot from our friends in different countries. We each have different experiences, and when we share problems we can adapt knowledge from others to our own situations.” The Thai researchers can come up with many examples of things they have learned from their AMNET partners. “We learned how

El costo de trasladar maíz amarillo de Sudamérica podría ser hasta 43% más caro que si se trae de Estados Unidos. Trasladar una tonelada de este grano de EU a México que generalmente viene por ferrocarril costaría alrededor de 28 dólares, sólo en lo que se refiere al gasto de transporte, dijo Pedro Ortiz, vicepresidente del sistema producto maíz de Chihuahua.
La propuesta de diversificar mercados y no apoyar la producción nacional es injusta, consideró Mario Valdés, presidente de la Alianza de Transgénicos.
Una de las formas de impulsar la producción de México –comentó Pedro Ortiz– es mediante la implementación comercial de cultivos transgénicos, con los que se podrían aumentar los volúmenes obtenidos por hectárea.
Un sistema de riego también aporta en el aumento de la productividad. El riego por goteo es más preciso porque se hace de manera invertida, es decir, sale de la tierra y el agua llega directamente a las raíces.
En ese caso se demandan 3 mil metros cúbicos de agua por hectárea, a diferencia de los tradicionales, como el de gravedad, donde se necesitan 6 mil metros cúbicos.

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